The Russian word grozny reflects the older English usage of terrible as in "inspiring fear or terror; dangerous; powerful; formidable". It does not convey the more modern connotations of English terrible, such as "defective" or "evil".
His father died when the boy was only three and Ivan was proclaimed the Grand Prince of Moscow. At first, his mother Yelena Glinskaya acted as a regent, but she died when Ivan was eight years old.
Ivan saw her replaced by a group of noblemen fiercely fighting for power. Treated with respect in public but neglected in private, he was growing up lonely and often humiliated by his mighty regents.
Abuse, violence and murders were commonplace in the palace. Czar of all Russia Smart and a keen reader, early on Ivan started dreaming of unlimited power.
Inaged 16, he was finally crowned Czar of all Russia, the first ruler to officially assume the title. The young ruler started out as a reformer, modernising and centralising the country. He revised the law code, created an elite standing army and introduced local self-management in rural regions.
The first printing press was introduced in Russia and new trade routes opened up. Expansion of Russia to the East image from simvolika. When Ivan saw the finished cathedral he liked it so much that he had the architects blinded to prevent them from building anything like it elsewhere.
The change of character Ivan the Terrible and his nurse, painting by Karl wenig, image from bibliotekar. In he suffered a near-fatal illness and several years later his beloved wife Anastasia died. Suspecting the nobles of poisoning Anastasia and plotting to remove him from the throne, Ivan embarked on a campaign of oppression and killings against the hereditary nobility.
Suddenly, in the winter of Ivan secretly left Moscow declaring that he wanted to abdicate. The panicked population called for his return. After lengthy talks, Ivan agreed to come back but on his own terms, demanding absolute power to punish anyone he believed was disloyal.
Oprichnina The next year, an instrument of his new rule was set up: One of the most terrifying campaigns by the oprichniki was the massacre of the wealthy city of Novgorod. Suspecting its people of treason, Ivan personally led the troops. The city was ravaged and thousands murdered.
Western wars Oprichniki, painting by Nikolay Nevrev image from art-portrets. His seaward expansion to the West opposed him to the Swedes, the Poles and the Lithuanians.
As warfare dragged on, with no land gained for Russia, the economy was put under a huge strain. In the s heavy military losses combined with a severe drought, devastating famine and plague epidemics took their toll.
Then, in the Crimean Tatars ravaged the unprotected towns and villages around Moscow and set fire to the capital.
Ivan later managed to defeat their armies but in the West, the Russians could no longer cope. Peace was concluded, with Ivan having to concede some of the lands conquered earlier.
Russia was left to wait for another century and a half to gain a foothold on the Baltic coast. Fits of rage were replaced by bouts of religious humility; drunken feasts were followed by frantic prayers and fasting in remote monasteries.
Induring a violent dispute Ivan accidentally killed his eldest son — the groomed and chosen heir — Ivan Ivanovich, hitting him with his pointed staff. By the end of his life, Ivan was typically bad tempered and unpredictable.Ivan IV, the grand duke of Muscovy, or Moscow, is usually considered the first czar of Russia, although many historians argue that the title should belong to Ivan III (the Great).
Ivan IV was born in , the son of Vasili III, who had ascended the throne after the death of his father, Ivan III the Great, in Nov 10, · Ivan the Terrible implemented the first known modernization attempt in Russia. In the XVI century, Russia faced an external pressure from Poland and the Crimean Tatars.
The main problem for Ivan IV was a weak financial base that could not compensate for the technological advantages of .
Ivan IV Vasilyevich (Russian: Иван IV Васильевич) (August 25, – March 18, ) was the Grand Duke of Muscovy from C.E. to C.E. and was the first ruler of Russia to assume the title of tsar.
His long reign saw the conquest of Tartary and Siberia and subsequent transformation of Russia into a multiethnic and multi-confessional state, yet his life .
The Soviet filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein made two films based on Ivan's life and reign, Ivan the Terrible. The first part is about Ivan's early years. Ivan IV of Russia: Borys Ivanovich Glinsky: Lev Borysevich Glinsky: N. widow of Ivan Korybutovich The Cambridge History of Russia.
Vol. 1: From Early Rus' to Cambridge Mother: Elena Glinskaya. Ivan the Terrible is remembered as a cruel tyrant although he also strengthened Russia. (When Ivan was born Russia was much smaller than it is now and much less powerful).
Ivan was born on 25 August His father was Grand Prince Vasily III of Moscow. However the Grand Prince died in So. The Soviet filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein made two films based on Ivan's life and reign, Ivan the Terrible.
The first part is about Ivan's early years. The first part is about Ivan's early years. The second covers the period of his maturity.