Emphasis on reciprocation of gifts, favors, and greetings; Negative association with economic growth. Restraint The dimension of indulgence vs. A society that practices indulgence makes room for the comparatively free gratification of natural and basic human drives pertaining to indulging in fun and enjoying life. The quality of restraint describes a society that holds back need gratification and tries to control it through stringent social norms.
Alan Frost Leave a comment This article looks at the differences between Danish and Japanese national culture two using the cultural model created by Geert Hofstede. Below I offer a brief refresher into what each dimension actually refers to.
Furthermore, you can also find a brief introduction to Danish and Japanese culture in Danish and Japanese Culture at a Glance. It aims to rank each national culture along 5 dimensions, thus providing a concrete way to compare two or more cultures. The extent to which people accept the uneven distribution of power.
A low power distance therefore points to a society where the power structure is flatter, where wealth is more evenly distributed, and where decisions are more democratic.
Masculine societies emphasise competitiveness, assertiveness, and excelling, while feminine societies focus on quality of life and caring for the weak. The extent to which a society feels threatened by the uncertainty of the future.
Danish culture has low power distance, high individualism, very low masculinity, and moderate long term orientation.
All in all, it would be safe to say that the two cultures are extremely different. For a Dane, the culture differences would include: Danish hierarchical structures are normally quite flat and it is expected that everyone has a voice, contributes to decisions, and so on.
This is reflected by the Danish habit of questioning and criticising superiors openly, and expecting that leaders are visible and accessible.
Although Japan does not score as high as other Asian countries in power-distance, to a Dane the difference will be striking since: A lower degree of individualism: Although the Japanese national culture scores moderately in this area and demonstrates some tendencies towards both individualism and collectivisma Dane will find the Japanese to be more group-oriented and place more emphasis on harmony of the group.
This is also reflected in the communication style, where the Danes are far more direct, highlighting the wants and needs of the individual in what is said. By contrast, the Japanese will be more indirect, due to a reluctance to affect group harmony. A far higher degree of masculinity: This is the most striking difference.
The Danish society is one of the most feminine, emphasising quality of life, involvement, equality, and compromise. By contrast, Japan is extremely competitive usually on a group level.
This is something that is fostered from a very young age and serves as the main motivational factor in business, while in Denmark motivational factors include free time and comfortable living. Striving for excellence is at the core of Japanese values. A far higher degree of uncertainty avoidance: This is another area where the differences are extremely pronounced.
With a low uncertainty avoidance index, the Danes are comfortable in uncertain situations.A Dutch researcher by the name of Geert Hofstede made a cross-cultural study of organizational behavior using managers from different countries to produce profile of cultural differences.
of research and thousands of interviews is a model of cultural dimensions that has become an internationally recognized standard. With access to people working for the same organization in over 40 countries of the world, Hofstede collected cultural data and analyzed his findings. Profile Login. Sign into your Profile to save and share content across SAGE Knowledge.
Email address. Geert Hofstede identifies five cultural dimensions, Moskowitz, S , 'Hofstede's five dimensions of culture', in Wankel, C (ed.). Hofstede’s five dimensions is the most well-known cultural model.
It aims to rank each national culture along 5 dimensions, thus providing a concrete way to compare two or more cultures.
Power distance: The extent to which . A firm (like Cultural Profile Hofstedes 5 Dimensions) must organize its management systems, processes, policies and strategies to fully utilize the resource’s potential to be valuable, rare and costly to imitate. STEP 8: Generating Alternatives For Cultural Profile Hofstedes 5 Dimensions Case Solution.
the six dimensions of Hofstede’s theory of cultural dimensions, and defines five of them for a comparison between the United States and India.
This article shows for the most part, the definitions of Hofstede’s cultural dimensions are correct, but the article did identify some ambiguities while making the comparisons.