Aristotle, The Politics, Trans. How should we decide who is to hold office and exercise power?
Virtue is a state of the soul that disposes and prompts our actions and is meant to guide our behaviors in society and enable us to practice moderation. Aristotle believes that human happiness, which is not to be equated with the simple-minded pursuit of pleasure, stems from fulfilling human potentialities.
These potentialities can be identified by rational choice, practical judgment, and recognition of the value of choosing the mean instead of extremes. The central moral problem is the human tendency to want to acquire more and to act unjustly whenever one has the power to do so.
According to Aristotle happiness is the highest good and the goo life comes from the realization and perfect practice of virtue. In order to lead a life of goodness there must be a foundation of adequate health goods of the bodyadequate wealth external goods, propertyand goods of the soul virtue, wisdom.
The good life you lead or experience is an inner sense of well being.
This is the active life of virtue and this is all for the sake of the soul. He believes nature is our guide and that nothing is good which is contrary to nature. According to Aristotle there are two types of reason that, if used well, will make you happy.
The first type is calculative reason. Calculative reason is practical wisdom which leads to moral virtue. Included in the Aristotelian moral virtues are temperance, courage, liberality, gentleness, and proper pride.
The idea behind this kind of practical wisdom involves knowing how to allocate time — judging the right moment to switch back and forth between practical action and intellectual activity, so as to strike the right balance between means and ends.
The second type of reason is speculative reason, which is used to deduce the true nature of reality. Speculative reason is also referred to as scientific reason.
There are four ways Aristotle thinks it is important to use scientific reason to really know happiness. The first is thought.
We are most like the gods when we use thought. Second is that the quality of the pleasures one pursues must be marvelous in purity and duration. Third is independent thought or self-sufficiency.
The fourth is that the process of learning is a joy and is rewarding in and of itself. Thus reason, if exercised well, will bring happiness and well-being. There must be adequate free time to organize ideas and grow our knowledge or speculative reason.
The city or ideal polis facilitates the nature of a good life. A good life is a life of active goodness involving fortitude, temperance, justice and wisdom.
Get custom essay sample written according to your requirements. urgent 3h delivery guaranteed the Moor of Venice”. Reveals the author’s perception of a tragic hero. By the end of the play Aristotle’s point of view reveals that every protagonist hero has some type of moral Achilles’s heel. Definition of plot . In the Third Episode, the parts of Aristotle’s theory that were used include mimesis of Jason, plot structure, dialogue, Peripeteia and also a scene of suffering. In the Third Episode of Medea, Mimesis is observed when Medea mimicked the wrongdoings of Jason and wanted to get revenge on Jason by causing him grief and agony. Statement: Oedipus is the embodiment of Aristotle’s characterization of a tragic hero through his ability to preserve his virtue and wisdom, despite his flaws and predicament. Introduction I. Sophocles’ Oedipus: A Tragic Hero A. Definition of a tragic hero B. Oedipus Character as it relates II.
The ideal city should not be overly populous one so that top citizens can be properly acquainted with one another. The ideal polis maximizes the opportunity for its citizens to display goodness and afford happiness. In the ideal polis, the foundation of the ideal social structure is based on serfs and slaves.
Elite citizens own property, but it is the slaves and serfs that farm and run this property, and do all the necessary work that is not associated with political activity. In the ideal state the elite citizens always have time for leisure activities and political activities thanks to serfs and slaves.
Leisure is based on participation in political activities, recreation rest and rejuvenation and cultivation of the mind. Public service is part of life in the ideal polis but it is important to note that these political activities always include time for leisure.
During the younger years one engages in civil activities including military and defense. The middle years are devoted to government. During the older years one is to be responsible for the conduct of public worship in the church.Aristotle felt that the action of the play (its plot) was the most important of the six elements.
He said, “All human happiness or misery takes the form of alphabetnyc.comter gives us qualities, but it is in our actions–what we do–that we are happy or miserable.”. 1) Tragedy is a representation of action and action consists of incidents and events. Aristotle differentiates between plot and story, and says that it is better for the poet to choose a traditional story taken from history, mythology and legends for such stories are familiar and easy to understand.
Aristotle lays out six elements of tragedy: plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle, and song.
Plot is 'the soul' of tragedy, because action is paramount to the significance of a . thea shaylamcelroy study guide by shaylamcelroy includes 46 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
the playwright's organization of the structure of the plot to communicate a central idea. the element that aristotle called the life and soul of the drama in his essay the poetics is. Start your hour free trial to unlock this + page Aristotle study guide and get instant access to the following: Primary Source; Biography; Critical Essays; Summary; 65 Homework Help Questions with Expert Answers; You'll also get access to more than 30, additional guides and , Homework Help questions answered by our experts.
Hamlet Analyzed in Terms of Aristotle's Poetics This Essay Hamlet Analyzed in Terms of Aristotle's Poetics and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on alphabetnyc.com Autor: review • August 25, • Essay • Words (4 Pages) • 1, Views.